Water and Sanitation


Water is a vital resource for life, but less than 0.1% of water on the Earth is fresh and accessible. Populations increase, economies grow, and urbanization continues, yet water supply has not kept pace.  By 2030, water demand will outstrip supply by 40% globally as industry, agriculture, and consumers compete for this valuable resource. Dalberg works with governments, NGOs, businesses, and foundations to develop solutions that address the infrastructural, behavioral, and policy roots of complex, water-related problems. We enable our clients to plan, develop, distribute, and manage freshwater resources effectively to protect the lives and potential of people and our environment.



Understanding Indian sanitation workers, and finding solutions for their challenges

Dalberg’s five-part series in The Wire explores the situation of sanitation workers in India; their different personas, the challenges they face, and the techno-social-financial-policy solutions that are essential to overcoming those challenges.  See links below to read the full articles.


Applying a gender lens to water and sanitation

Dalberg has worked on more than a 100 projects across 20 countries related to water and sanitation, and we’ve found that considering the specific needs of women is essential in making lasting headway toward addressing the global water crisis. The graphic below describes some of the ways women are disproportionately affected by inadequate access to water and sanitation, and ways their specific needs can figure into solutions.




Mark Freedman

Mark Freedman is a Partner in Dalberg’s New York office. Prior to joining Dalberg, he spent 27 years at BCG, where he was a senior partner in New York and Paris. Among other roles, Mark was BCG’s global leader for Industrial Goods, as well as founder and leader of the infrastructure and water practices. Mark was also active in both the public sector and in social impact while at BCG and led the firm’s partnership with Save the Children International. Before BCG, Mark spent 7 years with Save the Children-US, primarily in Burkina Faso, Cameroon and Zimbabwe.

How building a market for toilet loans can help fix India’s open defecation woes

About a third of all rural households in the country defecate in the open. It has long been assumed that low-income families in rural India do not want or cannot afford a household toilet. New research suggests that this is not true.

Developing the Scope of a Water and Sanitation Fund

After assessing the commercial and impact investment potential of the water and sanitation market in low and middle-income countries, we recommended to Private Infrastructure Development Group the establishment of a new fund. We identified opportunities for the fund in 14 countries across Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

Evaluating the 2030 Water Resource Group

We conducted a strategic evaluation of the 2030 Water Resource Group (2030 WRG) and its activities to provide recommendations that guided the group’s strategic plan and the allocation of over $20 million USD to address water scarcity.

Determining the Global Potential for Water Kiosks

We conducted in-depth field research of 10 major water kiosk ventures, analyzed 4 innovative ventures and developed a market model to determine the global potential for water kiosks. We published a sector report, detailing cross-venture learnings, and recommendations for ventures and ecosystem actors.

Developing a Hygiene Intervention in Urban Schools in Mumbai

We helped a design firm develop and evaluate their hygiene intervention in government-run urban schools in Mumbai. We developed communication tools to facilitate partnerships with large multinationals that have an interest in boosting good hygiene practices among low-income communities in Mumbai.

Scaling Up the Sanitation and Safe Water for All Program

We provided strategic insights on successes, lessons learnt, and recommendations to assist the scale up of the Sanitation and Safe Water for All program, a first-of-its-kind market transformation program in the water and sanitation sector by the International Finance Corporation in Kenya.

Bringing Sustainable Sanitation Services to Towns Across India

We worked with CEPT University in India to bring sustainable and equitable sanitation services to small and medium towns in India. We worked closely with city governments and the private sector to implement a performance based contract for sanitation services.